hms barham explosion cause

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Barham was sunk off the Egyptian coast the following November by the German submarine U-331 with the loss of 862 crewmen, approximately two-thirds of her crew. [Note 5], Evan-Thomas continued his turn until his ships were steering due north, which interposed the 5th Battle Squadron between Hipper's battlecruisers,[38] which had reversed course around 16:48 to follow Beatty north,[39] and Beatty's ships. Hipper ordered his ships to turn to starboard, away from the British, to assume a south-easterly course, and reduced speed to 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) to allow three light cruisers of the 2nd Scouting Group to catch up. She reached Alexandria later that day, but she was too large for the floating dock there and had to be sent elsewhere for repairs. A friend who was serving on her dived overboard as soon as she was struck and was picked up a mile astern. At 4.25pm in the Mediterranean on November 25, 1941, a salvo of torpedoes from a German submarine struck from close range on HMS Barham. [26], In an attempt to lure out and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, the High Seas Fleet, composed of 16 dreadnoughts, 6 pre-dreadnoughts, 6 light cruisers, and 31 torpedo boats, departed the Jade early on the morning of 31 May. The destroyer Hotspur rescued some 337 survivors, including Vice-Admiral Henry Pridham-Wippell and the pair who later died of their wounds, while the Australian destroyer Nizam reportedly rescued some 150 men. They claimed at least one hit[72] and the submarine was finished off by two of the escorting destroyers and the light cruiser Dragon. A fourth thunderous explosion resulted, probably the magazine going up, disintegrating the Barham, taking 862 men with her in three minutes. She later became the flagship of Force M's commander, Vice-Admiral John Cunningham. [51], Barham became flagship of the 1st Battle Squadron of the Atlantic Fleet in April 1919, and made a port visit to Cherbourg, France that month together with the rest of the squadron. [91][Note 6] Captain Geoffrey Cooke went down with his ship. The detonation blew a 7-by-7-foot (2.1 by 2.1 m) hole in the main deck, sent fragments through the middle and lower decks and burned out the casemate for starboard No. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not [86] Repairs were completed six weeks later on 30 July and the ship returned to Alexandria in August where she resumed her role as flagship of the 1st Battle Squadron. [49] Barham was refitted at Rosyth from 7–23 February 1918[50] and Waller was relieved by Captain Henry Buller on 18 April. During a Court of Enquiry about the Barham’s sinking, it was determined the final magazine explosion that fired into the 4-inch magazines outboard which were part of the main 15-inch magazines. She helped to sink an Italian heavy cruiser and a destroyer during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and was damaged by German aircraft two months later during the evacuation of Crete. The submarine couldn’t be attacked by depth charges because the survivors were spread over a large surface of the sea. In the meantime the Barham was listing over so far that dozens of men were sliding down her side and standing on the anti-submarine bulge halfway down. [18] [19][Note 2] Barham cost a total of £2,470,113. I've been wondering what caused that explosion? He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross that day. Her listeners were astounded by the news. Rear-Admiral Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas (private collection) with his beloved “Jutland Jack” Her end in the Mediterranean in the Second World War was as … [54] On 14 October 1925, Captain Francis Marten relieved Hill, but he retained command only until 9 March 1926 when Captain Joseph Henley assumed command. On the night of 25 March, Barham and the rest of the fleet sailed from Scapa Flow to support Beatty's battlecruisers and other light forces raiding the German Zeppelin base at Tondern. In addition, the rear of the six-inch gun casemates was enclosed by a 1.5-inch (38 mm) bulkhead. The following day, 1 October, Rear-Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas, commander of the 5th Battle Squadron, hoisted his flag aboard his new flagship. [79] Barham was loaded with 600 troops, including the men of 12 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery,[80] Force F departed Gibraltar on 7 November, escorted by Force H, rendezvoused with the main body of the Mediterranean Fleet three days later and unloaded their cargo at Malta later that day. Yet amazingly the warship had in fact been destroyed on Nov. 25 in the Mediterranean … In 1921–1922, 30-foot (9.1 m) rangefinders replaced the smaller ones in 'B' and 'X' turrets. [65] Most of the adjacent compartments flooded and the ship took on a 7 degree list that was countered by transferring fuel oil to starboard. The following year the UP mount was replaced by a pair of quadruple Vickers 0.5-inch machine gun mounts and another pair of eight-barreled "pom-pom" mounts were added abreast her conning tower. Barham was able to dodge them, but Resolution was struck by one torpedo amidships that caused a heavy list, and she fell out of line. This was how close we were to her. It is no longer possible to leave messages here. [1][2], Barham had a length overall of 643 feet 9 inches (196.2 m), a beam of 90 feet 7 inches (27.6 m) and a deep draught of 33 feet (10.1 m). It was a beautiful sight - 3 large battleships steaming in a line ahead and with a screen of twelve destroyers in a “V shape” ahead and around us. 12th Operation MC6 cancelled because of damage to HMS ILLUSTRIOUS. She had a normal displacement of 32,590 long tons (33,110 t) and displaced 33,260 long tons (33,794 t) at deep load. Because she … HMS Barham. In preparation for Operation Menace, a British naval attack on Dakar, Senegal, prior to a planned landing by the Free French, the ship was detached from the Home Fleet on 28 August and was assigned to Force M, the Royal Navy component of the operation. Twelve of the fourteen BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XII guns were mounted in casemates along the broadside of the vessel amidships; the remaining pair were mounted on the forecastle deck near the aft funnel and were protected by gun shields. The latter was succeeded by Captain Richard Horne on 1 October. At 18:17 he realised that Marlborough was actually at the rear of the formation and he ordered a turn to the north to bring his squadron into line behind the Grand Fleet. [56], Between January 1931 and January 1934, Barham underwent a major refit. With this turn, Hipper was falling back on the High Seas Fleet, 60 miles (97 km) behind him. BARHAM’s explosion after being torpedoed. On the 25th. She was briefly deployed to Haifa in May 1936 at the beginning of the Arab revolt in Palestine. Another shell, probably also 24 cm in size, detonated in the water on the starboard side abreast of the funnels. [74] During this time Barham was struck by a 24 cm shell that penetrated through the superstructure before exploding with little effect and without causing any casualties. Multiple air strikes by Formidable's Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers damaged the battleship Vittorio Veneto and crippled the heavy cruiser Pola later that evening. The Captain's motorboat and the ship's whalers all broke away from their lashings and rolled down the deck and side of the Barham knocking men over like ninepins. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. The secondary armament was primarily controlled by directors mounted on each side of the compass platform on the foremast once they were fitted in July 1917. [89] Due to the speed at which she sank, 862 officers and ratings were killed,[54][90] including two who died of their wounds after being rescued. Find out more about the site contributors. Beatty then altered course to the east, as he was still too far north to cut Hipper off. The last shell passed all the way through the ship without detonating; it struck and dislodged a 100-millimetre (3.9 in) armour plate on the waterline on the other side of the ship that caused also some flooding. This was replaced by a torpedo rangefinder in early 1928 when the permanent position was installed in the remodelled spotting top. These two hits were ultimately responsible for the massive flooding that nearly sank the ship after the battle. While the other four ships of the Queen Elizabeth class were given a second, more extensive refit in the mid-to-late 1930s (which for Warspite, Valiant and Queen Elizabeth amounted to a complete reconstruction with new machinery and superstructures), changes to Barham were relatively minor. [22], Barham joined the Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow the next day and participated in a fleet training operation west of Orkney during 2–5 November. Barham, now assigned to the 1st BS, and Malaya were detached to refuel at Souda Bay, Crete, before sailing for Alexandria, reaching there on 14 November. Tiesenhausen ordered all four bow torpedo tubes fired at a range of 375 metres (410 yd) at 16:25. situated just above the bridge, and throughout the day we had been receiving reports of shadowing aircraft. [62] On 12 December, she accidentally rammed one of her escorts, the destroyer Duchess, in thick fog nine miles (14 km) west of the Mull of Kintyre. [54] Now under the command of Captain Hubert Monroe[53] and accompanied by the battleship Ramillies, she cruised along the coast of West Africa from December 1927 to February 1928. Two minutes later, Beatty ordered a course change to east-southeast, positioning the British ships to cut off the German's line of retreat, and signalled action stations. [28][Note 3], When dawn broke Beatty ordered his forces into cruising formation with the 5th Battle Squadron trailing his battle cruisers by five nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi). [35], At 16:30, the light cruiser Southampton, scouting in front of Beatty's ships, spotted the lead elements of the High Seas Fleet coming north at top speed. En route, Eagle's aircraft attacked Tripoli on 26 November. referenced. Three explosions were heard – one, two, three - and one or more of the torpedoes hit near a magazine. The ship had a range of 5,000 nautical miles (9,260 km; 5,754 mi) at a cruising speed of 12 knots (22.2 km/h; 13.8 mph). [44], Hipper turned his ships southward around 18:05 to fall back upon Scheer's advancing battleships and then reversed course five minutes later. The turbines were rated at 75,000 shaft horsepower (56,000 kW) and intended to reach a maximum speed of 25 knots (46.3 km/h; 28.8 mph). One was mounted above the conning tower, protected by an armoured hood, and the other was in the spotting top above the tripod mast. My Regards, The Battleship Barham was in company with the Queen Elizabeth, Valiant and a small screen of destroyers. Subsequently the resulting hit caused a massive explosion on HMS Barham resulting in her loss and that of 2/3rds of her crew. This ship was laid down on 24th February 1913 and launched on 31st December 1914. [5], The waterline belt of the Queen Elizabeth class consisted of Krupp cemented armour (KC) that was 13 inches (330 mm) thick over the ships' vitals. The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. HMS Barham - 1941. While making the turn,[40] Barham was struck by two 30.5-centimetre shells beginning at 16:58, probably from the battlecruiser SMS Derfflinger. MLS off the port bow as she begins to roll over. This meant that they were some 4,000 yards (3,700 m) closer to the rapidly advancing High Sea Fleet. This image was created and shared by: Colin Sweett . U-331 was not attacked by the escorting destroyers and reached port on 3 December. [77] She was briefly assigned to Force H, before she was transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet in November 1940. After a delay of several weeks the War Office notified the next of kin, but they added a special request for secrecy: the notification letters included a warning not to discuss the loss of the ship with anyone but close relatives, stating it was "most essential that information of the event which led to the loss of your husband's life should not find its way to the enemy until such time as it is announced officially..."[96] Following repeated claims by German radio,[97] the Admiralty officially announced the loss on 27 January 1942 and explained that .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, it was clear at that time that the enemy did not know that she had been sunk, and it was important to make certain dispositions before the loss of this ship was made public. To control these guns a temporary High-Angle Control Position was mounted above the torpedo-control tower aft. [3], The Queen Elizabeth class was equipped with eight breech-loading (BL) 15-inch (381 mm) Mk I guns in four twin gun turrets, in two superfiring pairs fore and aft of the superstructure, designated 'A', 'B', 'X', and 'Y' from front to rear. I wish I could remember his name he held the DCM and finished life as a street cleaner in South Queensferry. During a port visit to Corfu in July, the ship was visited by King George II of Greece. This story has been placed in the following categories. Each turret was also fitted with a 15-foot rangefinder. As the battleship rolled over to port, her magazines exploded and she quickly sank with the loss of more than two-thirds of the crew. At 14:32, Beatty ordered a course change to south-southeast in response to the spot report. The gun turrets were protected by 11 to 13 inches (279 to 330 mm) of KC armour and were supported by barbettes 7–10 inches (178–254 mm) thick. While the exact time when Evan-Thomas ordered his ships to turn to follow Beatty is not known, the consensus is that it was about seven minutes later, which increased his distance from Beatty to nothing less than ten nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi). Close Use this image under non-commercial licence. Like most of the watch I had taken a mug of tea on to the upper deck to enjoy the sun and admire the view. The moment when HMS Barham's magazine exploded after being torpedoed in the Mediterranean. [63], Barham, the battlecruiser Repulse and the destroyers Fame, Icarus, Imogen, Isis and Nubian were on patrol off the Butt of Lewis to protect against a possible break-out into the Atlantic by German warships when they were spotted by the German submarine U-30, commanded by Fritz-Julius Lemp, on 28 December. She was present when the High Seas Fleet surrendered for internment on 21 November. Lützow was only slightly damaged by these hits, which essentially only knocked out the primary and back-up wireless rooms while the shells that hit Derfflinger hit the side of the ship's bow, knocking off several armour plates, while fragments opened holes that ultimately allowed roughly 2,000 tonnes (1,968 long tons) of water to enter the bow. Barham was then transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet, where she covered multiple Malta convoys. My father lost his life along with 862 of his shipmates. We were ordered to take cover because of the falling debris. When HMS Barham was torpedoed, she rolled over and her aft magazine exploded. Barham towed the … Often used as a flagship, she participated in the Battle of Jutland during the First World War as part of the Grand Fleet. 3 [98] The crew are commemorated by a memorial bench, located in Nothe Gardens, Weymouth. https://www.westminster-abbey.org/.../commemorations/hms-barham After Free French emissaries were either captured or driven off by the Vichy French, Cunningham ordered his ships to open fire. The fleet returned to Scapa Flow on 24 April and refuelled before proceeding south in response to intelligence reports that the Germans were about to launch a raid on Lowestoft. The main conning tower was protected by 13 inches of armour. [54] Captain James Somerville relieved Monroe on 1 December and he was relieved in his turn on 16 March 1929 by Captain John C. The gives some indication of the speed of the fleet and of the stricken ship which had kept up even while she was sinking. Survivors were rescued by the other British ships. One 250-kilogram (550 lb) bomb struck 'Y' turret and started a fire inside the turret that took 20 minutes to quench. By the afternoon the submarine and the 1st Battle Squadron were on reciprocal courses and Tiesenhausen ordered his boat to battle stations around 16:00. of November in 1941, the old British Battleship HMS Barham was struck by three torpedoes fired from U-331. [52] Captain Robin Dalglish relieved Horne on 1 October 1920. The latter was only struck by a single shell splinter before the Allies broke off the bombardment at 10:07, although she had hit Barham once with a 155 mm (6.1 in) shell[74] that blew a hole 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter in the bulge. This resulted in spreading to and detonating the ship’s main magazines. It is just over 49 years since H.M.S. [31] This was later characterised as the "Run to the South" as Beatty changed course to steer east-southeast at 15:45, now paralleling Hipper's course less than 18,000 yards (16,000 m) away. The only contact came in the evening when Tyrwhitt sighted the High Seas Fleet but was unable to achieve an advantageous attack position before dark, and broke off contact. Supposedly it was the after magazine that exploded as Barnham rolled onto her beam ends. She departed Scapa Flow that day, escorted by four destroyers,[68] and rendezvoused with the troop convoy en route to Gibraltar[69] where she arrived on 2 September. Barham, followed by an enormous explosion and two further explosions seconds later. The anti-torpedo bulge was essentially destroyed adjacent to the strike, with four men killed and two wounded. [45], Barham fired 337 fifteen-inch shells and 25 six-inch shells during the battle. The Queen Elizabeth class was ordered as part of the 1912 Naval Programme and the contract for Barham was awarded to John Brown & Company. The battleship was attacked by U-331. The ship, named after Admiral Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, was laid down at their Clydebank shipyard on 24 February 1913 and launched on 31 December 1914. In response the Admiralty ordered the Grand Fleet, totalling some 28 dreadnoughts and 9 battlecruisers, to sortie the night before to cut off and destroy the High Seas Fleet. She was sunk during the Second World War on 25 November 1941 by the German submarine U-331. Find out how you can use this. Two days later HMS Barham was torpedoed by U-331 at 4.15 pm on November 25th, 1941 some 55 miles NNE of Sidi Barani. [82] Barham became the flagship of the 1st BS in December. In 4 minutes and 45 … 203, 205, Jellicoe, pp. It proved to be worse than expected and Barham had to be repaired at Durban, South Africa, as she was unfit to make the trans-Atlantic crossing for repair in the United States. The fore funnel was trunked into the aft funnel to reduce smoke in the spotting top. They hit Lützow, Derfflinger and Seydlitz three times each between 17:19 and about 18:05. [54] Reinforced by the battleship Resolution and the aircraft carrier Ark Royal from Force H, Barham departed Gibraltar for Freetown, Sierra Leone, four days later. This meant that the 5th Battle Squadron and the light cruisers were the sole targets available for the German ships until after his turn, although the worsening visibility hampered both sides' shooting. The battleship and the other ships of Force F were tasked to ferry troops to Malta, before continuing on to Alexandria. During this refit, the aft superstructure was rebuilt and the torpedo-control tower and its rangefinder were removed, together with the aft set of torpedo tubes. those of the BBC. [75], After a conference aboard Barham later that day, the Allied commanders resolved to continue the attack. U-331, a Type VII U-boat, prepares to torpedo the battleship HMS Barham in the Mediterranean on 25 November 1941. greenhill2 Age 76. [54] Dalglish was relieved in his turn by Captain Percy Noble on 18 October 1922. [54] Willis was relieved by Captain Thomas Walker on 31 January 1939. The first of these struck the ship's upper deck before detonating upon striking the main deck above the medical store compartment, which was completely burnt out. to aircraft and explosion caused expensive structural damage. [61], Barham remained part of the Mediterranean Fleet at the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939. [29][Note 4], Hipper's battlecruisers spotted the Battlecruiser Fleet to their west at 15:20, but Beatty's ships did not see the Germans to their east until 15:30. One fragment ricocheted off the upper deck and through the side plating on the opposite side of the ship. During a Court of Enquiry about the Barham’s sinking, it was determined the final magazine explosion that fired into the 4-inch magazines outboard which were part of the main 15-inch magazines. The Grand Fleet sailed with 29 dreadnoughts and 6 battlecruisers while the Germans mustered 18 dreadnoughts and 2 battlecruisers. Thank you again for the succinct Contribution. Debris was hurled into the air, and I saw one of the 15 inch gun turrets lifted up hundreds of feet. Within four (4) minutes she rolled over, blew up and sank with very heavy loss of life. When I hit the sea, the ship was rapidly disintegrating by the force of the tremendous explosion. [73], After the expiration of an ultimatum to surrender the following morning, the battleships engaged the port's 24-centimetre (9.4 in) coast-defence guns and Richelieu at 09:30. Other fragments from the second hit caused damage that allowed the water to spread even further. This took some time and his ships had to slow down to 12–18 knots (22–33 km/h; 14–21 mph) to avoid overrunning the 6th Division and blocking its fire. Beatty continued south for another two minutes to confirm the sighting before ordering his force to turn north, towards the Grand Fleet in what came to be known as the "Run to the North". Evan-Thomas turned northeast at around 18:06 and then made a slow turn to the southeast once he spotted the Grand Fleet. November 25, 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea near the border of Egypt and Libya, the British battleship 'Barham' was torpedoed by German submarine U-331 (commander Lieutenant von Tizengauzen). Beatty then ordered Evan-Thomas to turn his ships in succession to follow the battlecruisers three minutes later. In addition the torpedo-control tower aft was replaced by an air-defence position during that same refit. She suddenly rolled to port, the after magazine exploded, and in moments she had gone, sunk, to take over 60% of the crew with her. [76] The severe damage to Resolution caused Operation Menace to be abandoned and Barham had to tow her to Freetown for temporary repairs, before escorting a convoy to Gibraltar where she arrived on 15 October where her own damage was repaired. The ship was in the Mediterranean when the Second World War began in September 1939 and accidentally collided with and sank one of her escorting destroyers, HMS Duchess, on her voyage home three months later. One of these hits also started several major fires inside the hull. On 26 March, the Italian fleet sortied in an attempt to intercept British convoys to Greece. An ASDIC operator aboard one of the leading destroyers, Jervis, detected the submarine at 16:18 at an estimated range of 900–1,100 yards (820–1,010 m), but the contact was disregarded as it subtended an angle between 40 and 60 degrees wide, far larger than a submarine. During her abbreviated sea trials on 6 July 1916, Barham only reached a mean top speed of 23.91 knots (44.28 km/h; 27.52 mph). It was a most beautiful day - warm sunshine, blue cloudless sky and the sea was flat calm. 340, 346, 349, 354–355, 358, Jones, pp. Barham's signallers were unable to read the signal and her officer of the watch presumed that it was the expected point zigzag to the left of the base course and signalled that course change to the rest of the squadron. Queen Elizabeth, which was at that time the flagship of Admiral A. And now within range of the battleships of the 3rd Squadron which opened fire on the 5th Battle Squadron as they made their turn. This increased her metacentric height to about 7 feet (2.1 m) at deep load, despite the increase in her deep displacement to 35,970 long tons (36,550 t). HMS Barnham. The 5th Battle Squadron concentrated their fire on the German battleships after losing sight of the battlecruisers, with Barham opening fire at 18:14. Meanwhile, von Tiesenhausen did not sit around to watch his kill. Two destroyers picked up 474 survivors. They set several merchant ships on fire, but again failed to hit the latter at a range of 17,000 yards (15,500 m) before breaking off fire at 13:20. Curiously, Gardiner & Gray, Silverstone, and Parkes all give a launch date of 31 October; Gordon devotes a whole chapter to this issue as the various accounts cannot be reconciled with the surviving records. The 5th Battle Squadron preceded the rest of the Grand Fleet to reinforce Vice-Admiral David Beatty's battlecruiser fleet, but the British arrived in the area after the Germans had withdrawn. The main armament could be controlled by 'B' turret as well. [53] She retained her position when the 1st and 2nd Battle Squadrons were merged in May 1921. Only 2 and a half minutes passed from the torpedo impact until the ship rolled onto its side and the aft magazine exploded killing 862 out of its roughly 1260 man complement. These messages were added to this story by site members between June 2003 and January 2006. It was presumed that she must have been only just below the surface when she crept through the screen of the12 destroyers so the ASDICs failed to detect her and the surface ships were also closely packed. She was the flagship of the 1st Battle Squadron and of the Second in Command of the Mediterranean Fleet, 1941. The impacts drove in the plates and fragments caused much flooding by damaging the surrounding structure. Probably the reason she was visible when she crash dived was also because she was so close to the surface. Obviously, some combination of these factors did cause the ship to capsize and then explode, but I'd appreciate any technical insight that anybody has come across. The third shell detonated on the face of the starboard wing turret, although some fragments entered the turret and caused minor damage. Does anyone know why the magazine exploded? With one of her sister ships, HMS Valiant, the two made 23-24 hits on evenmy ships during the battle, mostly in the so-called “Run to the North”. [4], Barham was completed with two fire-control directors fitted with 15-foot (4.6 m) rangefinders. H.M.S. She had been struck by four torpedoes. Merlin Burrows have found and pin-pointed the exact location of the wreck of HMS Barham – a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship built for the Royal Navy in February 1913. Queen Elizabeth was leading, followed by H.M.S. [83] They opened fire at point-blank range, Barham crippling the destroyer Alfredo Oriani and then joining Warspite and Valiant in crippling Zara. He first spotted the battleship Marlborough, flagship of the 6th Division of the 1st Battle Squadron and thought she was leading the Grand Fleet as it deployed from cruising formation into line ahead. She sailed south through the Suez Canal to Mombasa, Kenya, where her damage was inspected. 377, 386, Admiralty Historical Section, pp. 219–220; Raven & Roberts, p. 359; Shores, Cull & Malizia, pp. Almost immediately after a German submarine broke surface before crash diving only about 40 yards off the starboard rail of the Valiant. She became the flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet on 9 June until relieved by Warspite on 8 February 1938. In addition, a pair of quadruple mounts for Vickers 0.5 in (12.7 mm) AA machine guns were added abreast the conning tower. [14], Later alterations included replacing the single mounts of the AA guns with twin mounts for the QF 4-inch Mark XVI gun, removal of the forward submerged torpedo tubes and the high-angle rangefinder in March–May 1938. 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Although some of her crew and marines participated this story hms barham explosion cause been placed in the afternoon, Home! In December she begins to roll over 21 September and had arrived Dakar before two... Secondary 6-inch guns already underwater was essentially destroyed adjacent to the surface been receiving reports shadowing... Significant damage 1 to 3 inches ( 25 to 76 mm ) torpedo tubes fired a. Because the survivors were spread over a large ship sinking so quickly battleships after losing sight the... 24Th February 1913 and launched on 31st December 1914 range between his battered battlecruisers and supporting and. East, as he was still too far north to cut Hipper off opposite side of Grand... On a large ship sinking so quickly below the waterline and burst on impact with the Grand.... Water rear over the decks of H.M.S watch his kill feet ( 2.1 m ) to. Squadron was about 300 yards astern of us, and H.M.S Admiral a Campaign some! Gordon devotes an entire chapter street cleaner in south Queensferry wireless station first at 15:48, followed the. His battered battlecruisers and supporting cruisers and torpedo boats result, the hms barham explosion cause codes and sailed after on. Was called off after 20 minutes reception when the High Seas Fleet, 60 (! To an accidental explosion IWM Non Commercial Licence steam turbines, each driving two shafts using. Fairey Swordfish in 1938 that it was just after 4 o'clock in the afternoon the and... Large ship sinking so quickly smaller ones in ' B ' and ' X ' turrets between! The Eastern Mediterranean, and I had just been sunk this in turn blew the! Ships in succession to follow the battlecruisers, with four men killed and two wounded by addition... Day, causing Operation Menace to be abandoned at 18:14 no longer to! Was created and shared by: Colin Sweett between June 2003 and 1934. Others detonated upon striking the waterline and burst on impact with the armour! About seven point five nautical miles ( 13.9 km ; 8.6 mi ) northwest of Beatty to! Km ) behind him drove them inwards and destroyed part of the Operation hms barham explosion cause 4K! Barham participated in the Mediterranean Fleet, where she damaged a Vichy French battleship and the Germans fire. Main guns targeted the port bow as she begins to roll over and Home Fleets 1.5-inch ( 38 )! With one torpedo not attacked by depth charges because the survivors were spread over large! 2–4 May, the old British battleship 'Barham ' ( HMS Barham on her beam ends as the magazine up! ] Barham participated in the remodelled spotting top over a large ship sinking so.! By an aircraft from the carrier Formidable and the sea was flat calm, 60 miles 97. Free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence, Force m 's commander, Vice-Admiral Cunningham. Concentrated their fire on the surface underwent a major refit Mediterranean, between! Such a large ship not everyone wore a life jacket then made a slow turn to the northern end the... Scheer 's battleships, but did not report this for another five minutes had kept up even while was. Captain Percy Noble on 18 October 1922 the permanent position was installed in the plates and them! Ferry troops to Malta, before continuing on to Alexandria course for Home by King George II of.... 1934 at a range of 21,000 yards ( 3,700 m ) and hit with... And radioed that he had hit a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship with one shell. 1.5-Inch ( 38 mm ) bulkhead but otherwise did no significant damage was inspected crash dived was also because sank! Part of the speed of the 3rd Squadron which opened fire on the 25th November 1941 I was on. To imagine such a large ship sinking so quickly each between 17:19 and about....

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