how will iago use desdemona in his plot?

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After Cassio falls from Othello’s favor, Iago exploits Desdemona’s eagerness to bring the two men back together : “So will I turn her virtue into pitch / And out of her own goodness make the net” (2.3.). 10) Why does Roderigo agree to kill Cassio. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! (See 1.2.50-100) Iago also uses the foolish … Samuel Taylor Coleridge coined the phrase “motiveless malignity” to describe Iago. ... How will Iago use Cassio's weakness to further his plot? Act 4, Scene 1. Iago even uses his words against his own wife, Emilia, deceiving her and manipulating her to help carry out his plan by retrieving Desdemona’s hankerchief from her. Iago will use their interaction to further extend his evil plot. We’re told that he was sold into slavery in his childhood; presumably he was raised as a Christian. Desdemona does not ever behave like this, but Iago draws on this idea to arouse suspicions in Othello’s mind, so due to certain clues he concludes that Desdemona has cheated him and slept with another man. All heroes have a tragic flaw, of course: Macbeth’s is his ‘vaulting ambition’, Hamlet’s is his habit of delaying or over-analysing (although the extent to which he actually delays can be questioned), and so on. His first plot is to try to prevent Othello’s marriage to Desdemona, the beautiful daughter of Brabantio, by telling Brabantio that Othello and Desdemona have already slept together even though they are not married. We hear someone yelling "help!" He hides the handkerchief in Cassio’s bedchamber and then tells Othello that Cassio has it. Iago refers to Othello not by his name but as 'the Moor', calling him 'the devil' (2.1.216) and 'defective' (2.1.220), a racist portrayal which makes Desdemona's unfaithfulness more believable to Roderigo. Iago then tells Roderigo to kill Cassio, but Roderigo fails, so Iago kills him so nobody will find out about the plan. He acts as Iago’s lackey and does many things Iago tells him to because … Compare, in this connection, Iago’s role in Othello with that of the villainous Don John in the earlier comedy, Much Ado about Nothing. As a result, Othello rockets out of control and he triumphs (Arenas, 2010). Ok so those were the techniques that Iago used to manipulate others. Notice what Iago says about Othello in the opening scene. He pretends to like Othello but hates him for being a moor and plots his downfall. Iago takes advantage of this by being blunt with Othello about his wife Desdemona. Asked by Claire H #1083031. Iago tells Roderigo that Desdemona is in love with Cassio. She's going to talk to Desdemona and help her plead for Cassio to Othello. Although we only read about him gaining Cassio in his web I’m sure he might have used other to get the trust of the others. Iago tells Othello that Desdemona is Cassio's lover. Othello is one of Shakespeare’s five best-known and widely studied tragedies, along with Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, and Romeo and Juliet. ” He needed a way to execute his plan in getting his revenge against Othello without being caught, and he used Roderigo’s love for Desdemona and his foolishness to do so. Othello is easily persuaded and this leads him to put his trust in the wrong people. Honest Iago plays as a Villain who at first wanted to help his friend Rodrigo out by putting in a good word to a women named Desdemona. Iago is able to operate successfully in his plans, as Desdemona dies, Iago has gained his revenge from Othello. He is a villain, but a charming two-faced one. Throughout the play, characters place their trust in him when they need it most, and they are blind to his treachery. A few lines earlier (see above passage), Iago claimed that he suspects Othello has been sleeping with his wife, Emilia. The whole thing is really, of course, Iago’s play, as many critics have observed: if Othello is the tragic lead in the drama, Iago is the stage-manager, director, and dramatist all wrapped up in one. These themes are central to the play’s power, but one of the triumphs of Othello, as the analysis below attempts to demonstrate, is how well Shakespeare weaves different themes and elements together at once. Iago assures him that this marriage will end once Desdemona is corrupted. Iago’s sneaky mannerism is display when he says to Othello “it were not for your quiet… to let you know my thoughts” Iago is not revealing his thoughts on Cassio and Desdemona, as Iago knows this will make Othello believe that Iago is trying to protect him, and create the appearance that he is on Othello’s side. (III, iii, 51), ?she shall undo her credit with [Othello]? These stories, Othello says, won Desdemona's love. Ok so those were the techniques that Iago used to manipulate others. Iago is … 9) How does Cassio fall from Othello’s grace and get fired? Iago than quickly changed his motive of helping his friend out, to also wanting Desdemona creating conflict between Roderigo and Desdemona husband, Othello. The scene in which this takes place, the "temptation" scene, is driven as much by Othello's view of Iago as it is by Iago's suggestions. Iago is using Roderigo to help him in his plans and he has already hatched a plot to make Othello believe Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona – in a double revenge. Iago knows that “the moor already changes with [his] poison” by putting doubt in his mind with the fact that she had given away the Hankercheif. Like Iago, Don John wants to wreck the (upcoming) marriage between Claudio and Hero, and sets about convincing Claudio that his bride-to-be cannot be trusted. The Duke positively expresses his view on this union and asks Brabantio to accept it. He looks at Iago’s last appearance and observes, “The last Speech, the motive-hunting of motiveless Malignity -- how awful! Othello, consumed with jealousy, smothers Desdemona to death with a pillow, Emilia (Iago’s wife and Desdemona’s maid) tells Othello that she was the one who found the handkerchief and gave it to her husband; Iago kills her for revealing this, and Othello wounds Iago. On their own, Iago consoles Cassio (who mourns the loss of his good name), and encourages him to believe that he will be reinstated as Othello’s lieutenant, especially if he confides in Desdemona and asks her to plead for him to her husband. Enter your email address to subscribe to this site and receive notifications of new posts by email. Iago is suggesting that Desdemona has acted against nature in marrying Othello rather than one of her own kind Iago implies that Desdemona has married Othello because of lust or passion and will eventually realize her error and go back to her own kind Iago manipulating Othello to believe Desdemona isn't really in love with him Second, Shakespeare doesn’t make Iago, the villain, someone whose motives we can understand. Iago counters this threat by telling Roderigo that Desdemona will leave for … Iago here knew that Othello needed to see the ‘ocular’ proof quickly while he was still vulnerable, and Iago’s thinking on his feet led to Othello being even further convinced by his supposed theory. Iago plants the idea to Othello that something inappropriate may be happening between Cassio and Desdemona, and encourages Othello to pay attention to whether “your lady strain his … Iago plants Desdemona's handkerchief in Cassio's room. When Desdemona accidentally leaves it in Emilia's presence, Emilia takes it to Iago without knowing that he will use it to manipulate Othello into thinking Desdemona has cheated on him with his right hand man and best friend, Cassio. Samuel Taylor Coleridge coined the phrase “motiveless malignity” to describe Iago. Part of the genius of Shakespeare’s characterisation of Iago is that he makes him a convincing ensign to Othello, a loyal servant to the Moorish warrior, even while he is plotting Othello’s downfall. Just then Iago begins to reap some of the fruits of his scheming. ... How will Iago use Cassio in his plot to get revenge on Othello? Othello begins with some dialogue explaining the setting, plot and characters. For this reason (at least he claims), Iago declares that he hates Othello and will wreak vengeance on both Othello and Cassio. Iago continues his insinuations when speaking to Othello; he provides more "proofs" that are anything but, though Othello has calmed, and seems more troubled and less angry. He will use his sucking up to Desdemona. These tragic flaws are imperative to the play, and without them there would be a lack of plot, conflict, and climax. He warns Othello against the dangers of "the green-eyed monster" (3.3.165-7) of jealousy, while at the same time noting that Desdemona did successfully deceive her father. Othello promotes Michael Cassio to the position of lieutenant and Iago becomes extremely jealous. I had the great good fortune to see the 2007 production of Othello put on at the Donmar Warehouse with Chiwetel Ejiofor in the title role. Iago is ensign or flag-bearer to the great military general, Othello, who is a Moor (i.e. This suggestions put Othello into a state of such emotional turmoil that he is lost in a trance. The main action of the play takes place in Venice, as the play’s subtitle, The Moor of Venice, makes clear. Alone, Iago congratulates himself on how well his plot is going. Jealousy is also a big part as it fuels the vengeance in characters and creates tension and conflict. Cassio thanks him, completely trusting his judgement. The quote shows Iago’s desire to control every aspect of how his plan will unfold, and also his sinister sense of poetic justice. Iago is incredibly organized, mischievous and will stop at nothing to humiliate Cassio and his general. Question 1 Iago is the antagonist in the play 'Othello' by William Shakespeare. Iago used Roderigo to carry out his plans so he could keep his hands “clean”. But Othello’s tragic flaw, his pride, is not simply noble or military pride concerned with doing the right thing (as a great military man might be expected to have), but a rather self-serving and self-regarding kind – indeed, self-regarding to the point of being self-destructive. The next technique that he used was that he knew how to use all his options he could use all the tools in his grasp. 3) Why does Othello care about Desdemona’s handkerchief? If the first rule of creative writing class is ‘show don’t tell’, the second or third rule may well be ‘make your characters’ motivations clear’. (Remember, when Desdemona dropped her handkerchief by accident, Emilia picked it up and gave it to Iago. A mere handkerchief, that authenticates their love, is easily misused by Iago to prove Desdemona infidel. ... How will Iago involve Emilia in his plot? The bond between Othello and Desdemona falls weaker and Iago uses it to further weaken Othello and drive him mad at Desdemona. Ironically, Brabantio refers to Othello using his “eyes to see,” which is how Othello judges people and situations. After successfully planting the seed of doubt in Othello, he moves on to putting Desdemona’s handkerchief under Cassio’s possession as a confirmation of the affair. His goal is to destroy the life and marriage of Othello even if it means harming others in the process. Iago’s confidence in his ravaging plot comes from his knowledge that Jealousy emerges from within. Montano asks what's the matter and Cassio rages, "A knave teach me my duty! From the beginning of the play, Othello, a moor, is considered an ill-suited match for the Venetian, fair and beautiful Desdemona by other characters. 5) How does Iago use Bianca to trick Othello? He tells Iago to kill Cassio, and he publicly strikes Desdemona, accusing her in front of everyone. Here Iago orchestrates even the way in which Desdemona will be killed. Iago starts talking to himself saying, “I will turn her virtue into pitch” - William Shakespeare, Iago Quotes, Act 2, Scene 3, Line 338. Before we analyse some of these themes, it might be worth recapping the plot of this great tragedy which has inspired everything from opera (Verdi’s Otello) to a rock musical (Catch My Soul, from the 1960s). Iago essentially uses Desdemona as a pawn in his scheme to ruin Othello. Like a puppet master, Iago uses deception in the play Othello, by William Shakespeare, as a duplicitous being with perfidious views on the demise of others for personal revenge against Othello. His honesty and frankness towards Desdemona and Emilia would be a new feeling for the audience, used to Iago’s asides, ‘Players in your housewifery, and housewives in. He warns Othello to be aware that Desdemona may not be as virtuous as she appears on the surface. It was a wonderful experience…. Iago, having got hold of a handkerchief of Desdemona’s, which she’d lost (a gift from Othello), hatches a plan to make Othello think his wife has been sleeping with Cassio. After Cassio falls from Othello’s favor, Iago exploits Desdemona’s eagerness to bring the two men back together : “So will I turn her virtue into pitch / And out of her own goodness make the net” (2.3.). Cassio gives it to his mistress, Bianca. Here, Iago shares his plot to destroy Othello with the audience – since Othello is so gullible, Iago will lead him "by the nose," making Othello believe that his, Othello's, wife is having an affair with Cassio. Iago has absolutely no shame in turning the minds of his fellow soldiers and friends, including his general, against each other. Othello begins with some dialogue explaining the setting, plot and characters. When he didn’t need Roderigo anymore Iago betrayed him by killing him. Othello claims not to be jealous; though it is obvious from his manner that this is untrue. Iago plans to plant the seeds of jealousy in Othello. This warning is used later in the play by Iago as evidence of Desdemona’s infidelity. “the moor” tries to keep a calm mind, and knows that he loves Desdemona but if he thinks that he “loves thee not, chaos comes”, and this doubt is because of Iago. Othello gives Iago the duty of conveying Desdemona to Cyprus. As it advances the other characters are drawn in. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. The “ocular proof” for Othello is not his wife’s words but a cloth material. Othello, a black man, has gained the love of Desdemona, the daughter of a wealthy citizen. This quotes means that he will do anything to get revenge on Othello. combine with other fears Iago has planted, and drive Othello almost mad with jealousy. Othello admits that he married Desdemona.But he denies using any magic to win her love, and says that Desdemona will support his story. Once Roderigo leaves, Iago talks to himself about his further plan which is to corrupt Othello’s mind with the idea that handsome Cassio is seducing Desdemona. Although we only read about him gaining Cassio in his web I’m sure he might have used other to get the trust of the others. The racial issue is of paramount importance in this play. Iago uses Desdemona’s friendliness for his own evil plan. How does Othello respond to the threat of violence? When Othello asks Desdemona where her handkerchief is, she confesses that she has lost it; meanwhile, Cassio gives it to Bianca, his mistress, little realising that the handkerchief is part of Iago’s grand plan to implicate him in an imaginary affair. Iago plants the handkerchief in Cassio's lodgings, then tells Othello to watch the former commander's reactions while questioning him. Notice Iago’s soliloquy in Act 1. Uses imagery to describe the effect he thought of his wife’s affair with Othello has on him He compares the feeling to a poisonous mineral working on his stomach Iago is clearly jealous of othello and uses this rumour as justification for his actions He refers to squaring things “wife for wife” suggesting he fully intends to use Desdemona in order to destroy othello He is willing to believe his innocent wife has been unfaithful to him even though he is, to all intents and purposes, devoted to her. Act II: What dramatic function does the conversation between Montano and the two gentlemen serve? Othello’s tragic flaw of inherent trust haunts him throughout the play. Roderigo, protesting to Iago that his gifts to Desdemona have won him no favor from her, threatens to ask for the return of the gifts. Spoken by the main antagonist Iago, while helping the rich Roderigo in his suit to propose to Desdemona, but finds out… The action centers on his plot against Othello. What “proof” does Iago use to convince Roderigo that Cassio and Desdemona are lovers? Iago replies he can't do it because Cassio is his good friend. Desdemona’s dying words are an attempt to exculpate her husband, and Cassio’s first reaction on learning that he has been crippled thanks to Othello’s jealous suspicions is to exclaim “Dear General, I never gave you cause!” I find no evidence that Othello is a Muslim. The “Colour” issue would have been evident in the original performances, since the Moor would certainly have been played in blackface. I'll beat the knave into a twiggen bottle" (2.3.147-148). But Shakespeare’s Iago is more dangerous still: a human, with clearly human attributes and intellect, who nevertheless derives great pleasure from causing harm to others purely because … well, because it gives him pleasure. We cannot be sure why he is doing what he is doing. (II, iii, 379), further. First, he makes his hero noble, but unusually flawed. a north African Muslim). Iago's first plot is to reveal to Desdemona's father the secret elopement of his daughter to Othello. Iago is a complex character that takes evil to a whole new level in the 1600’s and plays a key role in this tale. It “doth mock the meet it feeds on”. Consequently, he is able to manipulate the characters in an adroit manner with ease as if … Cassio agrees, and Iago uses his wife, Emilia, to arrange a private meeting between Cassio and Desdemona. Alone with Iago, Roderigo, now in despair of winning Desdemona’s love, threatens suicide, but Iago persuades him instead to sell his lands for ready cash and to pursue Desdemona to Cyprus. Desdemona is worried about what might have happened to her husband and is comforted by Cassio. But Shakespeare does several very interesting, and artistically quite bold, things with this basic plot, and the characters he uses to tell the story. Iago is a clever man. It is not until after Desdemona's murder that Emilia realizes what her husband has done and the role she played in helping him. Shakespeare uses a number of techniques to express the manipulaton of Iago in this scene. Iago advises Cassio to ask Desdemona to speak on his behalf with her husband. At the end of Act II, Scene 1, he reiterates the real motivation behind his plots against Othello: I do suspect the lusty Moor Hath leap'd into my seat: the thought whereof Iago says he's going to drop it for Cassio to find.) Ad. that Cassio talked about Desdemona, while he was actually talking about Bianca and his sexual relationship with her, to mention just one example. Othello is a tragedy by William Shakespeare set in Venice. We see how revenge creates tragedy and destroys relationships. ‘ Although initially speaking to Emilia Iago includes Desdemona by the use of the plural, stating the fact that they do not conduct themselves with skill in the house but are very experienced and skilful in bed. Othello arrives to the sound of trumpets and suggests a feast to celebrate the Venetian victory. Yet Shakespeare puts into Iago’s mouth several plausible ‘motives’ for wreaking the confusion and chaos that causes Othello’s downfall and Desdemona’s death, and in providing multiple motives, Iago emerges as ‘motiveless’, to use Coleridge’s famous description (Coleridge described Iago as being possessed of ‘motiveless malignity’). and Roderigo comes running on stage, chased by Cassio. They send for her. Next, in Cyprus on a military campaign, Iago gets Cassio drunk and arranges a brawl, which he makes sure Othello witnesses; Othello has to strip the recently promoted Cassio of his commission. Iago?s suggestions to Othello will cause him to construe Desdemona?s pleas for Cassio, as pleas for her paramour. Iago & The Othello Plot. Othello: Plot Summary Act I, Scene I The play opens on a warm Venetian night, where a conversation is underway between Roderigo, a gentleman, and Iago, a soldier under Othello's command. Iago plants the idea to Othello that something inappropriate may be happening between Cassio and Desdemona, and encourages Othello to pay attention to whether “your lady strain his entertainment / With any strong or vehement importunity” (3.3.). In Harold Goddard’s fine phrase, he is ‘a moral pyromaniac setting fire to all of reality’ (this phrase is quoted enthusiastically by Harold Bloom in his Shakespeare: The Invention Of The Human). The Moor is courageous and smart in the battlefield but after all his race and colour make him feel like being ostracised. This is a scene of mixed speech and action with the comedy of drunkenness, the visual action of the brawl, and the to-and-fro of arrangements between individuals at the end of the act. Iago is using Roderigo to help him in his plans and he has already hatched a plot to make Othello believe Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona – in a double revenge. When Desdemona drops a handkerchief (the first gift given to her by Othello), Emilia finds it, and gives it to her husband at his request, unaware of what he plans to do with it. Spoken by the main antagonist Iago, while helping the rich Roderigo in … Iago influences every action that takes place in the plot, because he wants to destroy the people who have betrayed him, by planting false thoughts in their heads, so that they give his speeches faith and draw the wrong conclusions. The only characters whose view of Othello is not distorted by racial stereotyping are Desdemona and Cassio. Realising he has thrown away the life of an innocent woman he loved dearly, Othello kills himself publicly, Cassio is made governor of Cyprus, and Iago is taken off for punishment. Trusting Iago, and mad with jealousy, Othello promotes Iago and asks Iago to help him kill Cassio and Desdemona. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Iago falsely assures him so and asks for money. In that scene, it becomes apparent how Iago is able to use other people’s thoughts and suspicions against themselves. Iago again says that his suspicions are likely false. His first plot is to try to prevent Othello’s marriage to Desdemona, the beautiful daughter of Brabantio, by telling Brabantio that Othello and Desdemona have already slept together even though they are not married. But this does not mean that he is not being driven by anything. Iago’s plan works, and Othello is convinced that there is something going on between Cassio and Desdemona. Using the knowledge of his love for Desdemona, Iago manages to turn Roderigo against Cassio by telling him that “Desdemona is directly in love with him.” (2.1.210). Othello is a play about sexual jealousy, and how one man can convince another man, who loves his wife dearly, that she has been unfaithful to him when she hasn’t. The next technique that he used was that he knew how to use all his options he could use all the tools in his grasp. Iago intendes to sabotage Othello's relationship with Desdemona. But as is so often with a well-known text, we don’t know this one nearly as well as we think we do: Othello has more in it than jealousy, the ‘green-eyed monster’, and (implied) racial hatred. 250-260 stating that by doing this Roderigo will “ have a shorter journey to your/desires” (2.1.259-260) namely Desdemona. Things to Notice in Act 1 Notice what Iago says about Othello in the opening scene. Analysis. They marry in secret and although that is frowned upon by the city authorities Othello is a military hero and Venice is in deep trouble. So he does with Othello, by letting him believe that his wife is unfaithful. Iago’s main goal is to get Othello and Cassio out of the army, but in the end fails to ruin Cassio’s life, only Othello’s. Interesting Literature is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.co.uk. Can you find a line in the text that shows Iago has ulterior motives? Revenge shapes the play Othello, its plot and characters. Iago uses Emilia to take possession of Desdemona’s prized handkerchief, and as if that isn’t enough to send him to hell, Iago also plans to use it as blackmail against Cassio. Roderigo, who has been courting Desdemona, is upset with the news that she has eloped with Othello, a great Moorish warrior who is now a general in the service of the ruler of Venice. He uses many characters to his advantage, realizing how … Iago convinces Roderigo about Desdemona’s “affair” with Cassio by pointing out that they held hands. “Part 2- Literary Genres: Studying Drama” English A1 Course Companion Oxford University Press, 2007. Iago’s ambition, Desdemona’s love for Othello, and Emilia’s loyalty in Iago and Desdemona are also tragic flaws. Will make it seem like Desdemona will cheat on Othello with Cassio. Desdemona, Roderigo, Iago and his wife Emilia arrive. Put your swords away, you are not going to use them. As a result, when Desdemona does intercede on Cassio’s behalf, Othello becomes very jealous and suspicious. To make him look like a drunk in front of important people. In this dream, Cassio is meant to have said “Sweet Desdemona / Let us be wary, let us hide our loves.” He then goes on to describe how Cassio began to kiss Iago, and “laid his leg / Over my thigh.” This imagery is so strong because it places Iago in Desdemona’s position, and which somehow makes it more real. Iago uses Desdemona’s love for Othello for his plan, by making her try to get Cassio to get back in Othello’s graces. Iago used Roderigo for his dirty work so that he would not betray his front as “Honest Iago. Desdemona also expresses her true love for Othello. Othello is a highly respected general and Iago is his ambitious comrade. 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